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Airborne Particulates

Particle pollution (also called particulate matter or PM) is the term for a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air. Some particles, such as dust, dirt, soot, or smoke, are large or dark enough to be seen with the naked eye. Others are so small, they can only be detected using an electron microscope. Particle pollution includes inhalable coarse particles, with diameters larger than 2.5 micrometers and smaller than 10 micrometers and fine particles, with diameters that are 2.5 micrometers and smaller. How small is 2.5 micrometers? Think about a single hair from your head. The average human hair is about 70 micrometers in diameter -- making it 30 times larger than the largest fine particle. These particles come in many sizes and shapes and can be made up of hundreds of different chemicals. Some particles, known as primary particles, are emitted directly from a source, such as construction sites, unpaved roads, fields, smokestacks or fires. Others form in complicated reactions in the atmosphere of chemicals such as sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxides that are emitted from power plants, industries and automobiles. These particles, known as secondary particles, make up most of the fine particle pollution in the country.

This information is updated hourly. All times shown are Local Standard Time.

Click here for a map showing the current PM-2.5 levels.

Click here for the current Air Quality Index.

PM-2.5 (Local Conditions)

Fine particulates (PM-2.5) are generally emitted from activities such as industrial and residential combustion and from vehicle exhaust. Fine particles are also formed in the atmosphere when gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds, emitted by combustion activities, are transformed by chemical reactions in the air. Large-scale agricultural burning or sand storms can produce huge volumes of fine particulates. PM-2.5 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 2.5 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at local conditions, and is not corrected for temperature or pressure.

The table below contains hourly averages for PM-2.5 (Local Conditions) on Sunday, November 23, 2014.

         
Select a Region:
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Dallas-Fort Worth - all times are in Central Standard Time
401 5.08.09.09.09.08.08.08.07.05.06.05.02.03.05.04.04.0 FEW4 N 401
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
El Paso-Juarez - all times are in Mountain Standard Time
41 2.04.06.05.05.07.07.07.07.09.038.034.017.07.011.012.0 FEW NA6 N 41
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria - all times are in Central Standard Time
35 2.0-1.0-2.0-1.01.01.0-2.0-1.03.01.0 NEG0.01.0 NEG-1.01.0-2.0 FEW4 N 35
Maximum values for PM-2.5 (Local Conditions) for the day are bold within the table.
PM-2.5 (Local Conditions) is measured in micrograms per cubic meter (local conditions)
 N - Data from this instrument does not meet EPA quality assurance criteria and cannot be used for regulatory purposes.


PM-2.5 (Local Conditions) Acceptable

Fine particulates (PM-2.5) are generally emitted from activities such as industrial and residential combustion and from vehicle exhaust. Fine particles are also formed in the atmosphere when gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds, emitted by combustion activities, are transformed by chemical reactions in the air. Large-scale agricultural burning or sand storms can produce huge volumes of fine particulates. PM-2.5 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 2.5 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at local conditions, and is not corrected for temperature or pressure.

The table below contains hourly averages for PM-2.5 (Local Conditions) Acceptable on Sunday, November 23, 2014.

         
Select a Region:
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Amarillo - all times are in Central Standard Time
320 1.90.81.61.82.54.12.43.67.86.06.63.67.211.75.24.55.32.73 320
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Dallas-Fort Worth - all times are in Central Standard Time
52 2.12.62.64.12.22.12.62.63.42.21.00.60.91.72.93.74.46.03 52
56 2.63.03.52.72.22.23.13.02.60.71.30.51.40.93.25.410.99.33 56
61 2.92.53.53.61.81.32.40.93.30.60.10.40.61.91.84.26.410.53 61
71 2.41.21.41.82.90.12.43.74.22.30.30.50.20.51.20.81.94.43 71
310 2.72.44.13.12.41.71.71.80.91.91.00.10.52.03.06.011.212.33 310
401 LIM5.35.0 LIM4.1 LIM LIM LIM LIM LIM LIM0.60.31.5 LIM LIM LIM13.13 401
1044 3.94.65.23.43.42.41.71.52.21.00.30.30.31.12.23.84.66.13 1044
1051 0.01.70.82.80.81.45.55.24.53.40.30.10.21.02.11.83.25.83 1051
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Tyler-Longview-Marshall - all times are in Central Standard Time
85 0.70.82.00.20.50.02.02.11.31.91.90.30.61.81.52.54.36.73 85
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
El Paso-Juarez - refer to the first data column for each site's specific time zone
MST12 2.52.52.82.82.53.54.33.54.43.83.49.59.15.27.89.96.54.33 12
MST37 2.51.92.22.65.45.27.06.98.07.611.231.642.416.223.221.613.68.43 37
MST49 4.53.74.14.66.55.84.54.84.04.23.910.513.211.027.317.616.0 FEW3 49
CST316 PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA PMA3 316
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Odessa-Midland - all times are in Central Standard Time
47 0.51.51.50.71.42.03.34.46.64.54.23.33.63.34.15.08.29.53 47
1014 0.91.82.31.02.42.74.44.76.14.24.24.49.54.04.55.99.653.63 1014
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Waco - all times are in Central Standard Time
1037 0.24.63.21.31.10.62.10.92.30.5-0.3-0.70.01.12.33.55.15.63 1037
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Beaumont-Port Arthur - all times are in Central Standard Time
64 2.8-0.5-0.40.62.92.01.44.13.94.92.4-0.22.21.27.67.16.15.83 64
642 2.92.70.0-0.2-0.15.11.21.94.63.93.34.72.92.03.16.78.45.63 642
689 2.93.70.2-0.21.58.07.45.03.93.84.52.83.02.410.57.212.77.93 689
1050 4.03.30.70.53.33.61.33.33.34.55.02.73.72.14.98.88.16.23 1050
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Austin - all times are in Central Standard Time
3 0.00.60.40.40.00.20.72.51.10.90.4-0.30.10.40.71.02.33.83 3
38 0.70.61.71.00.20.52.71.32.86.70.70.80.10.21.93.13.96.63 38
171 0.91.42.82.30.51.12.41.84.30.70.62.00.90.92.813.19.218.13 171
326 1.22.02.61.71.11.82.91.91.62.42.42.71.82.22.63.14.26.83 326
601 2.02.32.13.22.84.24.23.93.72.12.10.90.42.02.13.84.66.03 601
1026 0.71.62.12.40.40.12.22.11.21.20.61.4-0.01.21.92.64.38.03 1026
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria - all times are in Central Standard Time
1 1.72.06.64.53.24.62.83.92.73.82.62.82.41.23.22.85.35.23 1
8 2.60.53.61.71.83.51.73.10.92.51.11.11.61.00.81.14.65.93 8
35 1.00.23.01.01.32.62.15.16.70.81.53.03.01.52.02.64.95.63 35
45 1.30.54.61.93.02.22.26.15.90.30.51.82.70.91.12.14.410.13 45
78 2.10.31.51.61.74.24.63.83.22.63.41.51.41.32.82.33.55.63 78
148 2.40.33.11.82.83.71.84.94.30.90.10.32.5-0.80.30.82.63.53 148
309 1.80.52.11.03.25.02.53.31.42.41.41.00.81.61.92.23.86.43 309
403 1.30.45.62.01.33.22.73.34.84.32.93.13.42.54.03.17.17.03 403
416 1.40.44.61.31.53.94.44.12.83.82.13.13.51.22.43.76.76.93 416
1034 0.60.64.53.62.92.62.64.42.63.15.85.93.94.14.56.56.86.83 1034
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
San Antonio - all times are in Central Standard Time
23 1.43.32.41.51.61.21.84.24.03.23.11.31.70.82.22.12.55.03 23
59 3.03.82.11.81.42.31.93.95.13.94.91.70.80.92.04.26.37.13 59
301 1.61.93.42.32.32.83.32.52.94.25.81.91.62.14.24.54.75.73 301
622 3.22.92.71.81.52.02.05.63.55.13.01.30.50.91.33.15.05.93 622
676 2.33.31.92.32.82.32.23.81.83.84.22.91.72.12.74.67.312.83 676
677 2.53.61.80.92.22.01.53.82.41.52.92.81.62.25.05.45.05.33 677
678 LIM LIM LIM LIM3.72.52.44.35.02.32.81.40.5 FEW LST LST NA NA3 678
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Corpus Christi-Victoria - all times are in Central Standard Time
314 4.02.80.22.30.51.50.62.45.84.10.812.812.112.311.613.216.215.33 314
635 3.03.72.41.31.83.10.92.55.34.23.32.73.01.42.13.57.54.63 635
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Lower Rio Grande Valley - all times are in Central Standard Time
43 5.35.52.22.10.80.81.02.03.45.66.16.32.51.63.64.07.110.63 43
80 1.41.54.16.55.73.93.87.19.014.815.79.53.72.85.45.45.510.43 80
323 3.83.15.65.25.44.36.08.07.68.410.04.92.013.212.815.614.418.63 323
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Laredo - all times are in Central Standard Time
313 10.310.415.514.92.52.03.55.35.84.75.84.32.65.73.02.23.78.53 313
319 6.27.88.57.42.34.56.15.24.15.84.91.10.41.02.93.85.07.03 319
Maximum values for PM-2.5 (Local Conditions) Acceptable for the day are bold within the table.
PM-2.5 (Local Conditions) Acceptable is measured in micrograms per cubic meter (local conditions)


PM-10 (Standard Conditions)

Coarse particulates (PM-10) come from sources such as windblown dust from the desert or agricultural fields (sand storms) and dust kicked up on unpaved roads by vehicle traffic. PM-10 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 10 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at standard conditions, meaning it is corrected for local temperature and pressure.

The table below contains hourly averages for PM-10 (Standard Conditions) on Sunday, November 23, 2014.

         
Select a Region:
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
El Paso-Juarez - all times are in Mountain Standard Time
12 10.612.411.79.48.89.410.010.613.412.631.8114.6110.154.9113.092.348.331.44 N 12
49 13.716.626.229.745.634.821.517.414.619.333.8126.3160.9131.8182.3142.8135.4 FEW4 N 49
Maximum values for PM-10 (Standard Conditions) for the day are bold within the table.
PM-10 (Standard Conditions) is measured in ug/cu meter (25 c)
 N - Data from this instrument does not meet EPA quality assurance criteria and cannot be used for regulatory purposes.


PM-10 (Local Conditions)

Coarse particulates (PM-10) come from sources such as windblown dust from the desert or agricultural fields (sand storms) and dust kicked up on unpaved roads by vehicle traffic. PM-10 data is the near real-time measurement of particulate matter 10 microns or less in size from the surrounding air. This measurement is made at local conditions, meaning it is not corrected for temperature or pressure.

The table below contains hourly averages for PM-10 (Local Conditions) on Sunday, November 23, 2014.

         
Select a Region:
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Dallas-Fort Worth - all times are in Central Standard Time
401 90.0053.00120.0024.00208.0012.00 NEG12.0012.0010.00931.00304.00 NEG273.00240.00183.0022.00 FEW4 401
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
El Paso-Juarez - all times are in Mountain Standard Time
41 -4.0019.0038.0026.0012.006.001.006.0040.0041.00111.00659.00220.00253.00277.00102.00 FEW NA6 41
AreaCAMSMorningAfternoonPOCCAMS
Mid 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:0010:0011:00Noon 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria - all times are in Central Standard Time
35 59.0015.0023.00 NEG3.0010.0030.005.004.008.007.006.009.006.0024.0010.0010.00 FEW4 35
Maximum values for PM-10 (Local Conditions) for the day are bold within the table.
PM-10 (Local Conditions) is measured in micrograms per cubic meter (local conditions)


PLEASE NOTE:  This data has not been verified by the TCEQ and may change. This is the most current data, but it is not official until it has been certified by our technical staff. Data is collected from TCEQ ambient monitoring sites and may include data collected by other outside agencies. This data is updated hourly. All times shown are in local standard time unless otherwise indicated.

Following EPA reporting guidelines, negative values may be displayed in our hourly criteria air quality data beginning 1/1/2013, down to the negative of the EPA listed Method Detection Limit (MDL) for the particular instrument that made the measurements. The reported concentrations can be negative due to zero drift in the electronic instrument output, data logger channel, or calibration adjustments to the data. Prior to 1/1/2013, slightly negative values were automatically set to zero.